A Handbook of Biblical Hebrew

Cultures / Languages

15-Minute German, Revised Edition by DK
Steven E. Fassberg, W. Randall Garr, „A Handbook of Biblical Hebrew (2 Volumes)“
The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit by A. M. Ruppel
Noam Chomsky, „The Minimalist Program“
Gianrenzo P. Clivio, Marcel Danesi, „The Sounds, Forms, and Uses of Italian: An Introduction to Italian Linguistics“

15-Minute German, Revised Edition by DK

English | January 16th, 2018 | ISBN: 1465462953 | 163 pages | PDF | 57.59 MB

Learn German in just 15 minutes a day with this revolutionary language learning system, now with an accompanying free app that is available in the App Store and Google Play.
Practicing your language skills is quick, easy, and fun with 15-Minute German. There’s no homework. Instead, use the visual guide and the free app to test yourself as you learn. Perfect your pronunciation by listening to native speakers, and learn from real-life examples that cover every holiday and business situation. Each full-color course book has themed chapters and common everyday scenarios, a menu guide, and translation dictionaries.
Whether you’re just starting to learn German or you want to brush up, there’s no easier way to learn.

Steven E. Fassberg, W. Randall Garr, „A Handbook of Biblical Hebrew (2 Volumes)“

2016 | ISBN-10: 1575063719 | 362 pages | PDF | 12 MB

Volume 1: Periods, Corpora, and Reading Traditions; Volume 2: Selected Texts

Biblical Hebrew is studied worldwide by university students, seminarians, and the educated public. It is also studied, almost universally, through a single prism—that of the Tiberian Masoretic tradition, which is the best attested and most widely available tradition of Biblical Hebrew. Thanks in large part to its endorsement by Maimonides, it also became the most prestigious vocalization tradition in the Middle Ages. For most, Biblical Hebrew is synonymous with Tiberian Biblical Hebrew.
There are, however, other vocalization traditions. The Babylonian tradition was widespread among Jews around the close of the first millennium CE; the tenth-century Karaite scholar al-Qirqisani reports that the Babylonian pronunciation was in use in Babylonia, Iran, the Arabian peninsula, and Yemen. And despite the fact that Yemenite Jews continued using Babylonian manuscripts without interruption from generation to generation, European scholars learned of them only toward the middle of the nineteenth century. Decades later, manuscripts pointed with the Palestinian vocalization system were rediscovered in the Cairo Genizah. Thereafter came the discovery of manuscripts written according to the Tiberian-Palestinian system and, perhaps most importantly, the texts found in caves alongside the Dead Sea.
What is still lacking, however, is a comprehensive and systematic overview of the different periods, sources, and traditions of Biblical Hebrew. This handbook provides students and the public with easily accessible, reliable, and current information in English concerning the multi-faceted nature of Biblical Hebrew. Noted scholars in each of the various fields contributed their expertise. The result is the present two-volume work. The first contains an in-depth introduction to each tradition; and the second presents sample accompanying texts that exemplify the descriptions of the parallel introductory chapters.

The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit by A. M. Ruppel

English | March 21, 2017 | ISBN: 1107088283, 1107459060 | PDF | 442 pages | 7.1 MB

Ideal for courses in beginning Sanskrit or self-study, this textbook employs modern, tried-and-tested pedagogical methods and tools, but requires no prior knowledge of ancient languages or linguistics. Devanāgarī script is introduced over several chapters and used in parallel with transliteration for several chapters more, allowing students to progress in learning Sanskrit itself while still mastering the script. Students are exposed to annotated original texts in addition to practise sentences very early on, and structures and systems underlying the wealth of forms are clearly explained to facilitate memorisation. All grammar is covered in detail, with chapters dedicated to compounding and nominal derivation, and sections explaining relevant historical phenomena.
The introduction also includes a variety of online resources that students may use to reinforce and expand their knowledge: flash cards; video tutorials for all chapters; and up-to-date links to writing, declension and conjugation exercises and online dictionaries, grammars, and textual databases.

Noam Chomsky, „The Minimalist Program“

2014 | ISBN-10: 0262527340 | 408 pages | PDF | 6 MB

A classic work that situates linguistic theory in the broader cognitive sciences, formulating and developing the minimalist program.
In his foundational book, The Minimalist Program, published in 1995, Noam Chomsky offered a significant contribution to the generative tradition in linguistics. This twentieth-anniversary edition reissues this classic work with a new preface by the author.
In four essays, Chomsky attempts to situate linguistic theory in the broader cognitive sciences, with the essays formulating and progressively developing the minimalist approach to linguistic theory. Building on the theory of principles and parameters and, in particular, on principles of economy of derivation and representation, the minimalist framework takes Universal Grammar as providing a unique computational system, with derivations driven by morphological properties, to which the syntactic variation of languages is also restricted. Within this theoretical framework, linguistic expressions are generated by optimally efficient derivations that must satisfy the conditions that hold on interface levels, the only levels of linguistic representation. The interface levels provide instructions to two types of performance systems, articulatory-perceptual and conceptual-intentional. All syntactic conditions, then, express properties of these interface levels, reflecting the interpretive requirements of language and keeping to very restricted conceptual resources.
In the preface to this edition, Chomsky emphasizes that the minimalist approach developed in the book and in subsequent work „is a program, not a theory.“ With this book, Chomsky built on pursuits from the earliest days of generative grammar to formulate a new research program that had far-reaching implications for the field.

Gianrenzo P. Clivio, Marcel Danesi, „The Sounds, Forms, and Uses of Italian: An Introduction to Italian Linguistics“

2000 | pages: 248 | ISBN: 0802048005 | PDF | 8,4 mb

Here, at last, is a text on Italian linguistics that clearly presents all of the key concepts in a form designed specifically for English-speaking students. This unique book will fill a major gap in the curriculum of undergraduate and graduate programs in Italian linguistics.
The authors explain complex linguistics ideas in a logical, succinct, and accessible style. Subjects and concepts such as phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, discourse, and variation are treated in detail, using carefully selected examples. The follow-up activities at the end of each chapter provide opportunities for review and practical application, with questions that invite reflection and additional research.
„The Sounds, Forms, and Uses of Italian“ will serve as a basic reference for anyone with an interest in the Italian language. Teachers of Italian at all levels will find it a valuable resource, and students will appreciate the clarity and ease with which it guides them through a difficult subject.